Peurise Teumaga shield

A Peurise Teumaga shield with brass bosses, Aceh Sultanate - 19th century.

Details of this item

Price

 650

Status

Available

Region

South East Asia (Burma, Thailand, Indonesia, the Philippines)
(Aceh, Sumatra)

Period

19th century

Materials

Brass, Iron

Price

 650

Status

Available

Region

South East Asia (Burma, Thailand, Indonesia, the Philippines)

(Aceh, Sumatra)

Period

19th century

Materials

Brass, Iron

Description

During the colonial rule of Indonesia by the Dutch, North Sumatra was a major stronghold of a variety of Islamic Sultanates. In the region of Aceh and many Acehnese Sultanate warriors picked up their weapons and fought the Dutch in a efficacious guerrilla war. The so-called Atjeh war which lasted from 1873 until finally ”won” by the Dutch in 1904 suffering staggering losses, yet they were never able to actually control the Acehnese.

The Sumatran shield used by the Acehnese can be sorted in four types; the ‘Peurise Teumaga’ (bronze or brass shield), the ‘Peurise Nilo’ (buffaloo hide shield), ‘Peurise Paru’ (stingray hide shield) and the rattan bound ‘Peurise Awe’.

The brass ‘Peurise Teumaga’ shields vary in decoration and size. The early examples which were worn in battle are rather small and decorated with round bosses. The shield was usually carried on the back, and held in the left hand while in the other hand a sword like the ‘Siking Panjang’ or ‘Cojang’ was used to engage the enemy in close combat. The bronze shields from Aceh are often confused with the heavy brass shields from Palembang with cast star decoration as seen on most examples which were bought by Dutch colonials as a souvenir of their time in the colonies.

This example:
A round buckler with bent rim facing forward. The center is decorated with four revised bosses as seen on their Indian ‘dhal’ counterparts. The buckler is made of thick brass and suitable to ward off enemy sword strikes. The back is featuring two iron rings with a braided fibre cord to maintain grip. Original brass ‘Peurise teumaga’ are very scarce in the antiques trade these days and only few have survived.

The 'Toean' Stammeshaus exhibition. Notice the Peurise Teumage shields in the upper section. Source: J. Klein Nagelvoort 'Toean Stammeshaus' Militair, Verzamelaar en bestuurder in Atjeh'

The ‘Toean’ Stammeshaus exhibition. Notice the Peurise Teumage shields in the upper section. Source: J. Klein Nagelvoort ‘Toean Stammeshaus’ Militair, Verzamelaar en bestuurder in Atjeh’

Peurise Teumaga shield

Condition

Very good, varnished by the previous owner.

Dimensions

Diamater: 28.5cm
Hight: 7cm

Weight

492g.

Comparable items

– ‘A. G. Zonneveld’s ”Traditional Weapons of the Indonesian Archipelago” p.106

Provenance

French art market

Literature

– ‘A. G. Zonneveld’s ”Traditional Weapons of the Indonesian Archipelago” p.106